Cervus canadensis Erxleben, 1777 – Wapiti – American elk

Information in Alien Species in Poland database are purely scientific and not legally binding.


The species is alien in whole area of its current or past occurrence in Poland

Recorded in the wild in the past

Extinct in Poland

Invasive alien species

According to the decree of the Council of Ministers of December 9, 2022, on the list of invasive alien species of Union concern and the list of invasive alien species of Poland’s concern, remedial actions and measures aimed at restoring the natural state of ecosystems, the American elk is an invasive alien species of Poland’s concern and subject to rapid eradication.


Earliest introduction/record

before 1925

Types of transport

  • Intentional transport to Poland

Pathways of introduction

  • Hunting

Type of release into natural environment

  • Release in nature


  • Pax F. 1925. Wirbeltierfauna von Schlesien 142. Gebrüder Borntraeger, Berlin

Life form: Mammal

Phylum: Vertebrata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Cervidae

Polish synonyms: Jeleń wapiti; Wapiti kanadyjski