Trachemys scripta elegans (Wied, 1839) – Żółw czerwonolicy – Red-eared terrapin


The species is alien in whole area of its occurrence in Poland

Recorded in the wild; numerous but non-breeding in the wild

Potentially invasive alien species

General charactreristics

Description and biology

Males differ from females. Omnivorous


Earliest introduction/record

about 1996

Types of transport

  • Intentional transport to Poland

Pathways of introduction

  • Landscape / flora / fauna “improvement” in the wild

Type of release into natural environment

  • Release in nature


  • Marini D. 2017. Invasiveness of alien freshwater turtles: monitoring of paths/positions and sanitary status in Lublin region, Poland Resi di Laurea in Microbiologia ed Epidemiologia Veterinaria. 1-171. Facolta di Medicina Veterinaria. Univerista Degli Studi di Teramo

Life form: Reptile

Phylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Testudines
Family: Emydidae

Polish synonyms: Żółw czerwonouchy; Żółw wodno-lądowy