Carassius gibelio (Bloch, 1783) – Karaś srebrzysty – Prussian carp


The species is alien in whole area of its occurrence in Poland

Recorded in the wild; established and expanding

Invasive alien species

General charactreristics

Description and biology


Impact on native biodiversity and local economy

Habitats in invaded range

Permanent eutrophic lakes, ponds and pools; surface running waters and estuaries


Map of occurrence

Areas on the map correspond to pemanent occurrence of the species. Points on the map indicate introduction places and/or single records of the species; they do not always correspond to current presence of the species in a given locality.

Information that could update the map of occurence of the species can be sent to

Earliest introduction/record

about 1850

Types of transport

  • Unintentional transport to Poland

Pathways of introduction

  • Contaminant on animals (excluding parasites and species transported by host and vector)

Type of release into natural environment

  • Transport – Contaminant

Local dispersal methods

Intentionally translocated by man


  • Gąsowska M. 1934. Karaś srebrzysty Carassius gibelio (Bloch.) jako nowy składnik ichtiofauny wód polskich. Przegląd Rybacki 7: 261-266.
  • Holcik J. 1980. Carassius auratus (Pisces) in the Danube River. Acta. Sci, Nat. Brno. 14: 1-43.
  • Rybczyk Agnieszka 2006. Selected aspects of biological Characteristics of the prussian carp (Carassius auratus gibelio bloch, 1783): food, feeding, and condition. Acta Scientarium Polonarium 5(2): 69–82. Agricultural University of Szczecin link
  • Szczerbowski J.A., Szczerbowski A.J. 1996. Karasie. IRŚ, OLsztyn
  • Żabrowski M. 1996. Karaś srebrzysty Carassius auratus gibelio (Bloch, 1783), introdukowany gatunek w Polsce - jego morfologia, biologia oraz rola w ekosystemach wodnych. maszynopis Muzeum Przyrodnicze U. Wr.

Life form: Fish

Phylum: Vertebrata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Cyprinidae

Scientific synonyms: Carassius carassius jacuticus Kirillov, 1972; Carassius carassius morpha gibelio Berg, 1916; Carassius carassius morpha humilis Lindberg, 1927; Carassius gibelio Lorek, 1837; Carrasius vulgaris var. kolenty Dybowski, 1877; Cyprinus gibelio Bloch,1783; Cyprinus oblongus Taczanowski, 1877

English synonyms: Gibel carp; Goldfish; Silver crucian; Silver crucian carp