Ameiurus melas (Rafinesque, 1820) – Sumik czarny – Black bullhead


The species is alien in whole area of its occurrence in Poland

Data on population status were not completed

General charactreristics

Description and biology



Map of occurrence

Areas on the map correspond to pemanent occurrence of the species. Points on the map indicate introduction places and/or single records of the species; they do not always correspond to current presence of the species in a given locality.

Information that could update the map of occurence of the species can be sent to


  • Hubbs C. L., Lagler K. F. 1947. Fishes of the Great Lakes Region. Bulletin of the Cranbrook Institute of Science 26: 1-186. link
  • Koščo J., Košuth P., Harka A., Wilhelm A. 2000. Ďalší nový druh ryby v našej ichtyofaune – sumček čierny (Ameiurus melas Rafinesque, 1820). Pol’ovníctvo a rybárstvo 52: 33.
  • Koščo J., Košuth P., Lusk S., Košuthová L. 2004. Distribution of family Ictaluridae in the Slovakia and in the Czech Republic. Biodiverzita ichtyofauny ČR V: 45-53.
  • Nowak M., Koščo J., Popek W. 2008. Distribution and history of spreading of the black bullhead Ameiurus melas (Ictaluridae) in Europe. Managing Alien Species for Sustainable Development of Aquaculture and Fisheries: 97. Florence, Italy, 5-7.11.2008. Book of Abstracts
  • Nowak M., Koščo J., Popek W., Epler P. 2009. The black bullhead Ameiurus melas - another invasive fish species in Poland. 13th European Congress of Ichthyology, Klaipeda, Lithuania, 6-12.09.2009.: . Abstract book: 72. link
  • Nowak M., Koščo J., Popek W., Epler P. 2010. First record of the black bullhead Ameiurus melas (Teleostei: Ictaluridae) in Poland. Journal of Fish Biology : . link
  • NOWAK M., SZCZERBIK P., TATOJ K., POPEK, W. 2008. Non-native freshwater fishes in Poland: an overview AACL Bioflux 1: 173-191. link
  • Scott W. B., Crossman E. J. 1973. Freshwater fishes of Canada. Bulletin of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 184: 1-966.
  • Wheeler A. 1978. Ictalurus melas (Rafinesque, 1820) and I. nebulosus (Lesueur, 1819): the North American catfishes in Europe. Journal of Fish Biology 12: 435-440. link

Author(s): Krzysztof Tatoj

Life form: Fish

Phylum: Vertebrata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Siluriformes
Family: Ictaluridae

Scientific synonyms: Ameiurus melas melas (Rafinesque, 1820); Ameiurus vulgaris (Thompson, 1842); Ictalurus melas (Rafinesque, 1820); Ictalurus melas melas (Rafinesque, 1820); Silurus melas Rafinesque, 1820

English synonyms: Black catfish; Hornedpout; Yellow belly bullhead