Commune: Tomaszów Lubelski (pow. tomaszowski, woj. lubelskie)
Framework element or context represented:
Miocene deposits of the marginal part of the Carpathian Foredeep basin.
Primary geological/geomorphological interest:
Sequence of Upper Badenian fossiliferous and detritical sediments.
Comparative assessment justification:
Representative profile of the Upper Badenian shalow marine deposits.
Protection status and accessibility:
Proposed for protection as documentary site. The site well accessible is situated in the Puszcza Solecka Landscape Park.
Character of site: Outcrops
Area: 2 ha
Altitude: 300 m a.s.l.
Lithology: sandstones, shales, sands
Discipline: Palaeobiology, Palaeoenvironment, Stratigraphy of Phanerozoic
Process Age: *all periods
Bedrock Age: Neogene, *all periods
Description of primary interest:
Close to Huta Różaniecka village, there are numerous exposures on the southern side of a long elevation, elongated parallel to the southern edge of the Roztocze Hills. The section starts with poorly coherent, sandy-rhodolithic deposits, with rhodoliths of up to 4 cm diameter. They are cross and trough cross-stratified, and the north-eastern component predominates among the stratification dip directions. Lithification of the quartz-rhodolithic deposits changes from unconsolidated sands to strongly cemented sandstone interlayers. Above the quartz-rhodolithic deposits, an abundant accumulation having a form of a continuous layer of bivalve casts and shells, with a character of a coquina bed occurs. It is overlain by quartz and quartz-glauconite sands. The sands are alternately cross- and horizontally-stratified. Above them rests a thick complex of cross-stratified calcarenites, with a variable degree of sandiness. In the uppermost part of the section the degree of sandiness of the deposits increases, and thick sets of cross-stratified sandy calcarenites start to occur. Based on the dip directions of the cross-stratification in the uppermost part of the section, transport of the material took place generally towards the south-east, varying in azimuth between 49° and 190°. Due to the occurrence in the calcarenites of the index Bolboforma badenenis and Velapertina sp., these deposits were included in the Upper Badenian.
BURACZYŃSKI J. 1997–Roztocze: budowa - rzeźba – krajobraz, 1-188. Zakład Geografii Regionalnej UMCS; Lublin. JAKUBOWSKI G., MUSIAŁ T. 1979–Middle Miocene sandy and carbonate deposits of Huta Lubycka and Huta Różaniecka (Roztocze Rawskie Region, South-Eastern Poland) and their fauna. Pr. Muz. Ziemi, 32: 71-100. JASIONOWSKI M., WYSOCKA A. 1997–Middle Miocene algae and microbialites of Roztocze (south-eastern Poland). Guidebook of 3rd Regional Symposium of International Fossil Algae Association, 3rd International Meeting of IGCP 380: 23 – 31. Kraków. MUSIAŁ T. 1987–Miocene of Roztocze (south-eastern Poland) (English sum.). Biul. Geol., 31: 5-149. MUSIAŁ T. 1987–Lithology and properties of Miocene limestones of the Roztocze as the raw materials. Rozprawy Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego, 265: 1-187. Warszawa. RONIEWICZ P., WYSOCKA A. 1997–Examples of Miocene cyclic sedimentation – Roztocze, eastern Poland (English sum.). Prz. Geol., 45: 799-802. RONIEWICZ P., WYSOCKA A. 1999–Sedimentology of the middle Miocene deposits from the north-eastern marginal zone of the Carpathian Foredeep (English sum.). Pr. PIG, CLXVIII: 83-97. SZCZECHURA J. 1998–Mikrofauna z odsłonięć na Roztoczu (Brusno, Huta Różaniecka, Nowiny, Żelebsko) i jej znaczenie biostratygraficzne i paleoekologiczne. (unpublished). WYSOCKA A. 2002–Clastic Badenian deposits and sedimentary environments of the Roztocze Hills across the Polish-Ukrainian border. Acta Geol. Pol., 52: 535-563.