Commune: Kazimierz Dolny (pow. puławski, woj. lubelskie)
Framework element or context represented:
Middle Vistula section of Upper Cretaceous and lowermost Palaeocene.
Primary geological/geomorphological interest:
Topmost Maastrichtian deposits.
Comparative assessment justification:
The succession of the Town quarry directly underlies the succession known from the Nasiłów quarry; both sections give thus an access to the complete upper Upper Maastrichtian strata in the region. It represents a facies equivalent to the topmost Maastrichtian in the Maastricht area and in Denmark.
Protection status and accessibility:
The quarry is situated in the Kazimierz Landscape Park and proposed to protection as documentary site. It is very well accessible including on didactic trail.
Character of site: Abandoned quarry.
Area: 2 ha
Altitude: 130 - 160 m a.s.l.
Discipline: Palaeobiology, Palaeoenvironment, Stratigraphy of Phanerozoic
Process Age: *all periods
Bedrock Age: Cretaceous, *all periods
Description of primary interest:
The Town quarry at Kazimierz provides an access to the upper Upper Maastrichtian richly fossiliferous succession. The macrofauna is excellently preserved. The succession is rather monotonous, however, with very characteristic 'marly' level in its topmost part, which due to taphonomic characteristics yielded a number of excellently preserved fossils. It is a key section for the palaeontological studies and the type locality of numerous Maastrichtian taxa. Ammonites, belemnites, bivalves, gastropods and brachiopods were described monographically.
ABDEL-GAWAD G.I. 1986–Maastrichtian non-cephalopod molluscs (Scaphopoda, Gastropoda and Bivalvia) of the Middle Vistula Valley, Central Poland. Acta Geol. Polon., 36: 69-224. BŁASZKIEWICZ A. 1980–Campanian and Maastrichtian ammonites of the Middle Vistula River valley, Poland: a stratigraphic-paleontologic study. Prace Inst. Geol., 92: 3-63. WALASZCZYK J., CIEŚLIŃSKI S., SYLWESTRZAK H. 1999–Selected geosites of Cretaceous deposits in Central and Eastern Poland. Pol. Geol. Inst. Special Papers, 2: 71-76.