Commune: Piszczac (pow. bialski, woj. lubelskie)

Framework element or context represented:
Pleistocene ice-sheet sediments.

Primary geological/geomorphological interest:
Mazovian (Holstein) Interglacial deposits with fauna.

Comparative assessment justification:
The Ortel Krolewski site is an exceptionally significant place of the Holsteinian fauna accumulation.

Protection status and accessibility:
The locality is newly selected and protected as a geological documentary site representing high scientific values. There is also a good sightseeing accessibility.

Character of site: Artificial outcrop.

Area: 1 ha

Altitude: 142 m a.s.l.

Lithology: sands, silts, clays

Discipline: Palaeobiology, Stratigraphy of Quaternary

Process Age: Quaternary, *all periods

Bedrock Age: Quaternary, *all periods

Description of primary interest:
The site represents the exposure with fauna (molluscs, snails and ostracoda) of the Mazovian (Holstein) Interglacial age and is located in the older glacial area of the Middle Polish (Saale) Glaciation. The sediments with fauna (clayey sand and sandy silt) are 7.0 m thick but their spread is limited to a narrow belt, about 50-100 m wide, running along the valley slope. In the exposure there are 25 molluscs and 22 ostracods species. The shells amount to 70% of the mentioned above sediment. The most important for stratigraphical purposes are two species of the snails: Viviparus diluvianus and Lithoglyphus jahni.


BER A. 1999–Preliminary list of the Quaternary geosites in Northern and Central Poland, their age and geological position. Pol. Geol. Inst., Spec. Papers, 2: 77-85.     BER A. 2001–Ważne czwartorzędowe stanowiska geologiczne Polski północnej i środkowej (Polish only). In: W trosce o Ziemię. Księga ku czci Prof. S. Kozłowskiego: 224-239. KUL Lublin.     ALBRYCHT A. 1995–Holstein Interglacial sediments into Ortel Królewski site (Podlasie). II Konf. Stratygrafia Plejstocenu Polski, 31-33. Grabanów, 18 - 20 września, 1995.     ALBRYCHT A., PIDEK LA., SKOMPSKI S. 1995–Znaczenie fauny mięczakow ze stanowisk Ortel Królewski i Rossosz dla stratygrafii czwartorzędu na Podlasiu. Prz. Geol., 43: 321-330.